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30 Tips for Teaching Huckleberry Finn

    Teaching Huckleberry Finn in High School - Edited

    Teaching Huckleberry Finn intimidates even the most experienced teachers.  Students might completely miss subtleties that are essential to Twain’s themes.  Even worse, a clumsy approach to sensitive issues can result in harming students.

    Be mindful of these tips for teaching Huckleberry Finn, and your unit will be engaging, productive, and positive.

    1) Be prepared to defend your teaching of Huckleberry Finn.

    If teaching Huckleberry Finn is required, think about the justifications behind this requirement. What has made some believe that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is an essential text? Reflect on the novel’s role as a keystone of American literary realism. Consider Huck Finn‘s exploration of racism (including his own) as the ultimate American hypocrisy. Think about Twain’s ingenious craft.

    If your are teaching The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn voluntarily, make sure that you can express your rationale, as you may face objections.

    Many argue that the continual use of the n-word (over 200 times) unnecessarily harms students or even encourages the racist attitudes that Twain opposed.  Others claim that the humor, dialect, and satire are too out-dated for today’s students.  Some take the position that the novel has been over-rated and point to the disappointing resolution, one-dimensional characters, or Twain’s deviation into the romantic notions that he criticized.

    As more and more districts and schools drop Huckleberry Finn from the curriculum, it is more important than ever that teachers have a thoughtful justification.

    teaching huckleberry finn teacher

    In defense of teaching Huckleberry Finn:

    • The fact that the narrator and protagonist is a racist is the entire point. We love Huck but loathe his racism. His internal struggle with racism is the essential conflict. The fact that a book opposing and satirizing racism employs a racist narrator is a master stroke.
    • The book is an allegory of America.  Published after the end of slavery (1884), Huck Finn illuminates the continuance of American hypocrisy. Like America itself, Huck’s conscience must overcome a legacy of racism.
    • Jim is not a stereotype. His actions are only perceived as foolish through the interpretations of the narrator. Jim must “Wear the Mask” of Jim Crow at times to beat the system that has enslaved him. Any critical reader can see through Huck’s narration and Jim’s performances and see that Jim is artfully navigating a precarious situation.
    • The Odyssey-like structure, scathing satire, symbolism, style, and other elements make The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn a literary masterpiece.
    • If you are not sure about teaching this novel, I have written a post to help you make your decision.

    2) Teach Huck Finn at an appropriate grade level.

    You should be teaching Huckleberry Finn in high school or even college. At the time of publication, the adolescent point of view and informal dialects induced some to mistakenly label  as a “boys book.” However, the ambiguity, satire, point of view, and allegory require a mature reader.

    Could an advanced middle-schooler decode the book and enjoy the adventures? Of course. (The book has an accelerated reader level of 6.6 and and Lexile rating of 990L.) Could said student fully appreciate the historical context, unreliable narration, satires, ambiguities, moral nuances, and theme complexity or navigate the controversies of the novel itself? 

    3) Create a reading schedule that moves students through the novel efficiently.

    Huck Finn is pretty long by today’s standards.  Devise an approach that will keep students reading and prevent the unit from becoming a never-ending slog.

    I divide long-form texts into weekly readings and set a day of the week when the reading must be completed. Students know that they have a week to read and that on the predetermined day they will have a quiz, a discussion, and an activity. 

    Huck Finn reading schedule (ISBN 978-0-553-21079-8)

    • Section 1 chapters 1-8 (1-47)
    • Section 2 chapters 9-16 (47-94)
    • Section 3 chapters 17-22 (95-150)
    • Section 4 chapters 23-28 (150-195)
    • Section 5 chapters 29-35 (195-244)
    • Section 6 chapters 36-43 (244-293)

    4) Dive into the controversy.

    Mark Twain cancelled

    Face the controversy of Huckleberry Finn head-on. Explain the class will explore uncomfortable issues regarding race in America. Discuss why the inclusion of the novel is controversial, and point out that many school districts are dropping the book from the curriculum or using an edition that replaces the the n-word with the word slave.

    Encourage students to reach their own conclusions on these issues.  In addition to the ethical benefits of this approach, discussing these controversies increases student interest.

    Thinking about the racism in Huck Finn as a class:

    5) Set expectations for sensitive material.

    Of all the tips for teaching Huckleberry Finn, this may be the most critical. Do not wait for an uncomfortable or negative situation to arise; be proactive. Not every teacher will handle these issues the same way, but set your plan in advance.

    Content Advisory:

    • Racist stereotypes
    • Dehumanization of African Americans (as property)
    • Use of the n-word (over 200 times)
    • Use of tobacco by a youngster
    • Abuse of alcohol / alcoholism
    • Murders
    • Accidental use of the word “orgies” by one character

    Tell students how you want them to deal with the presence of the n-word. I tell students that I prefer that we read the word and not hear it. When I read aloud I say “n-word,” and I ask students to do the same. They may feel like I am being sensitive, but I tell them that I am sensitive and that I appreciate their understanding.

    Point out that the Huck is an unreliable narrator when it comes to his perceptions of African Americans.  His interpretations are influenced by his racist views.

    6) Establish the context before teaching Huckleberry Finn, as it will be alien to many readers.

    How much do your students know about the plantation system, slave codes, Jim Crow laws, the abolition movement, American geography, and other key topics in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

    Have students address writing (research) and listening and speaking standards by preparing a presentation on pre-reading topics. I found one such assignment from a teacher named Mr. Flanagan.

    Assign research topics to cooperative groups:

    • Slave codes
    • Plantation system (function)
    • Plantation system timeline
    • Slave codes
    • Mark Twain’s life
    • Jim Crow era
    • The abolition movement
    • Mississippi River basin (geography and peoples)
    • American history timeline (1840-1880)
    • Realism in literature
    • Superstitions (of America)
    • Objections to Huck Finn (chronologically)

    7) Support developing readers and students with special needs.

    When teaching Huckleberry Finn supporting all students is paramount, but you must have reliable student data to do this. You may have to give a reading diagnostic yourself.

    Forms of  support:

    Chapter summaries: After reviewing the reading levels from your student data, decide which students need the support of chapter summaries (,, etc.) Explain that they may want to read the summary before or after reading the given chapter, but they must still read the chapter.

    Support services: If any of your students receive extra support, make sure that your colleagues have the reading schedule, copies of the book, etc. Assistance with the text is an excellent use of time during a support period.

    Video: Professional productions or even Youtube student videos may help some students grasp the setting, characters, or plot events. These should be used sparingly and only to help students orient their imaginations.

    Audio-books: Many websites will read the book aloud for the student. Perhaps the student can follow along for the first pass and then re-read on their own.

    Reading groups: You or even a student may want to organize a weekly “book club” preceding the quiz.

    Assessment accommodations: modified quiz scoring, modified quizzes (crossing off some questions or distractors), quiz aids (open book, open note, additional time, alternate venue, alternate quiz form [writing a summary of the reading or having an informal discussion with the teacher]), etc.

    8) Give students a preview of the culminating task.

    Tell students where the unit is headed. What will they be expected to do to show mastery? Is there anything they should do as they read to make life easier later? For example, if they will be presenting on symbols / recurring elements, students might pick a symbolic element before reading and “cheat” by taking notes as they read.

    Recurring elements / symbols presentation topics:

    • Superstition
    • Clothing
    • Nature (especially Huck’s poetry)
    • The river
    • Propriety (rules of being proper)
    • The raft
    • Introspection (Huck’s)
    • Nobility / breeding
    • Prayer / religion
    • The island
    • Pranks
    • Romanticism (especially Tom’s ideas)
    • People as property
    • Violence
    • Social pressure
    • Frauds / lying / performance

    I find this technique to be very effective. Not only does it improve the quality of the final tasks, it encourages the students to read more carefully. Students feel like they are being set up to succeed.

    9) Keep students accountable for assigned readings.  If students are not prepared, the lessons will flop.

    When teaching Huckleberry Finn (or any long-form literature), it is important that students practice reading independently, but when students are not prepared, a well-planned lesson becomes a shattered dream. The students who did read feel cheated and frustrated.

    I have found that the best way to hold students accountable for the assigned reading is through reading quizzes (homework grades). The students who read feel victorious.

    In the past, many of my students have tried to fake their way through literature circle role sheets, online responses, reading packets, focus questions, and the like. When this is the case, it is not surprising that engagement is low.

    A simple, 10-question quiz gets better results and means that I don’t have to wade through piles of packets that the students have copied from each other anyway.  If a student has a high reading level but cannot pass the quizzes, what is going on? If a student has a lower reading level and cannot pass, what can be done to help them?

    10) Establish that the narrator and protagonist is a racist. Are we still supposed to care about him?

    Huck Finn illustration public domain

    Is Huckleberry Finn truly a racist. Yes. Does he come to fully reject his racist beliefs by the end of the novel? Not really. Are we still supposed to be rooting for him? Yes.

    Students must come to recognize the profound effect of Twain using a racist protagonist to deliver his criticism of American racism. Twain could have made Jim the narrator or made Huck a staunch abolitionist.  Instead, Twain chooses the point of view of a racist boy to tell the the story of Jim’s emancipation.  Many consider Twain’s selection of Huck as the novel’s narrator the master stroke of his career.  We love Huck but loathe his racism.  

    11) Dissect the narrative structure of this episodic odyssey.

    Teaching Huckleberry Finn presents the opportunity to develop a more nuanced view of narrative structure.  The novel does demonstrate a traditional plot structure, but it has been embellished with episodes, sub-plots, and parallel plots.  

    Huck Finn lesson on structure: Stories within Stories

    RL9-10.5 Analyze how an author’s choices concerning how to structure a text, order events within it (e.g., parallel plots), and manipulate time (e.g., pacing, flashbacks) create such effects as mystery, tension, or surprise.

    RL11-12.5 Analyze how an author’s choices concerning how to structure specific parts of a text (e.g., the choice of where to begin or end a story, the choice to provide a comedic or tragic resolution) contribute to its overall structure and meaning as well as its aesthetic impact. 

    Into: Review basic narrative structure. Huck Finn is more complicated as it is told in episodes. There is the main plot (getting to freedom) and a bunch of episodes along the way. Ask the students to identify other narratives that include subplots or episodes (The Odyssey, Orlando, comic books, TV shows, Harry PotterThe Twelve Labors of Hercules, Moll Flanders, To Kill a Mockingbird, The Phantom Tollbooth, and so on).

    Through: In Huck Finn, even the subplots have subplots. Students (or groups) will choose one subplot to diagram. If the subplot has subplots, diagram these also and draw a line to show how the sub-subplot fits into the subplot. One student or group could make a huge diagram of the larger plot (getting to freedom) by taping the plot events on the wall. The end goal is to create a huge diagram on the wall that shows the order and connections of the subplots and main plot.

    Group assignments:

    • “The Big Picture” (Getting to freedom)
    • “The Rise and Fall of Tom Sawyer’s Gang”
    • “Escape from St. Petersburg”
    • “Jim, Huck, and a Raft”
    • “The Family Feud”
    • “Punking Parkville” (Royalty 1)
    • “The Reverend and the Mute” (Royalty 2)
    • “Freeing Jim from Prison”

    Reflection: Why did Twain choose to structure the novel in this way?  What are the effects on the reader? What are the advantages of structuring a story with subplots? What are the disadvantages?

    12) Put Huck’s internal conflict under the microscope.

    The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and portrayals of Jim

    Twain said that the novel shows what happens when “a sound heart and a deformed conscience come into collision and conscience suffers a defeat.”

    What are the two sides of Huck’s mind? When does he come closest to betraying Jim? Why does he think helping Jim is sinful? How have Huck’s thoughts about helping Jim changed? How would the novel change if Huck wholeheartedly approved of helping Jim to freedom? How is this conflict ultimately resolved? 

    13) Evaluate Huck’s relationship with “sivilization.”

    Huck Finn essentially decides that he wants a divorce from the society in which he lives. (This is a sentiment that Twain often shared.) What are the causes of this break? Is the failure of this relationship due mostly to Huck’s faults or to society’s? 

    Jim and Huck have both decided to break away. There reasons and situations are profoundly different, but are there any similarities?

    Huckleberry Finn unit cover

    14) Determine whether or not Huck is trash.

    Huck thinks that he is absolute trash, but is he? What would Twain say of Huck’s qualities? Students should use textual evidence to analyze what makes him noble and what makes him “low-down and ornery.”

    15) Analyze the characterization of Jim: Jim is no fool, but he must play one.

    Jim (whose societal worth is purely material and is often portrayed as buffoonish by the narrator) is arguably the noblest, most thoughtful, most intelligent, and most caring character in the book. Jim must go along with people’s silly notions because, as a freedom-seeker, he is at their mercy.

    Evidence that Jim is playing a fool:

    • He doesn’t reveal that Pap is dead (feigning concern for Huck when it is more likely that he wants to retain Huck’s assistance).
    • He suspects that Huck is about to turn him in but says otherwise and reminds Huck of their friendship. If Huck finds Jim’s spontaneous lauding of their friendship odd, he fails to mention it.
    • He goes along with Tom’s charade until there is a life-threatening inclusion (rattlesnakes).
    • He uses superstitions to direct Huck since he cannot do so overtly.
    • He argues thoughtfully (including pointing out the shortcomings of Huck’s analogy between the sounds of animals and different languages).
    • He knows that he can scold Huck for tricking him but not Tom.
    • He cleverly tests the King by feigning interest in French.

    16) Take an inventory of irony and satire.

    Twain’s merciless satire gives no quarter in lambasting society, morality, racism, politics, honor, status, romanticism, propriety, and humanity generally. Students should look at individual examples of satire and the novel as a whole as they examine the treatment, target, and purpose.

    Satire in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn:

    • Tom Sawyer (romantic notions)
    • Huck Finn (moral justifications)
    • The Grangerfords (honor)
    • Freeing Jim from prison (American slavery)
    • Townsfolk in Parkville (social pressure) (self-interest)
    • Arkansans (human nature)
    • Boggs (courage)
    • The murderers on the steamship (moralizing)
    • The lynch mob (human nature) (social pressure)
    • The duke and the king (human nature) (nobility)
    • Col. Sherburn (honor)
    • The ferry operator (greed)
    • Pap Finn (voting rights)
    • Emmeline Grangerford (obsessing on loss)
    • Tom Sawyer’s gang (childish understandings)

    17) Have students present on major themes.

    Remind students that a theme topic is a word or phrase while a theme is always a complete sentence (e.g. love vs. love stinks). Have students identify all of the theme topics that they can find in Huck Finn (friendship, racism, and so on). Include the unimportant to the very important. Create a class chart of the theme topics.

    Remind students that authors can develop themes in a variety of ways. The author might state the theme explicitly: e.g. “The message of this story is that you should always be yourself.” Usually the reader must think about the setting, plot events, symbols, motifs, etc. to make inferences to reach a conclusion about the theme.

    Theme topics for Huck Finn:

    • Fraud / hypocrisy
    • Fate vs. chance
    • Human frailty
    • Societal failure
    • Freedom vs. civilization
    • Racism
    • Social rank vs. personal worth
    • Conscience / morality
    • Social pressure
    • Romanticism vs. realism
    • Friendship

    18) Have students present on recurring elements and symbols.

    In teaching Huckleberry Finn, have students present on how a recurring element develops a theme. Note that Twain weaves these themes and recurring elements through one another, so the presentations will overlap. Decide if you want the students to use citations from the text or to simply explain. This task could be expanded into a major presentation assignment.

    Recurring elements and symbols in Huckleberry Finn:

    • Superstition
    • Clothing
    • Nature (especially Huck’s poetry)
    • The river
    • Propriety (rules of being proper)
    • The raft
    • Introspection
    • Nobility / breeding
    • Fraud / lying
    • Prayer / religion
    • The island
    • Pranks
    • Romanticism (especially Tom’s ideas)
    • People as property
    • Violence
    • Performance
    • Social pressure

    19) Debate the merits of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.

    A) Debating the merits of the final chapters 

    Of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Ernest Hemingway wrote, “All modern American literature comes from one book by Mark Twain called Huckleberry Finn. If you read it, you must stop where… Jim is stolen from the boys [sic]. That is the real end. The rest is just cheating…” Literature nerds love to argue for or against the ending of this novel. Students must pick a side and conduct a debate. Is the ending a disappointment, or is the unsatisfactory ending part of what Twain had to say about America?

    B) Debating whether or not schools should include the novel

    Position: “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn should be removed from American schools.”

    Ask students write an opinion essay where they agree completely, disagree completely, or qualify. They must demonstrate the elements of written argument: claim, reasons with evidence, addressing counterargument, and transitions. 

    Huckleberry Finn unit cover

    20) Spotlight Huck’s poetry.

    Ask students or groups to find one passage from the novel so far that is poetic and to restructure the passage into a poem. They may change the words or structure if it enhances the poetic form or effect. Have the students share the poetry aloud.

    “My souls, how the wind did scream along! And every second or two there’d come a glare that lit up the white-caps for a half a mile around, and you’d see the islands looking dusty through the rain, and the trees thrashing around in the wind; then comes a h-whack! – bum! bum! bumble-umble-umbum-bum-bum-bum – and the thunder would go rumbling and grumbling away and quit – and then rip comes another flash and another sockdolager. The waves most washed me off the raft sometimes, but I hadn’t any clothes on, and didn’t mind. We didn’t have no trouble about snags; the lightning was glaring and flittering around so constant that we could see…” (48)

    What poetic elements are used in Huck’s language? What poetic elements are absent? How is his poetry different from Emmeline Grangerford’s? What would Twain say about the differences?

    21) Examine Huck and Jim’s friendship.

    Teach that, at first glance, Jim and Huck are simply two outcasts who share interests in superstition and the outdoor life. However, upon inspection, their relationship is full of complexities:

    • Huck loves Jim but feels compelled to betray him.
    • Huck both sympathizes with and despises Jim’s desire for freedom.
    • Huck wants to help Jim but fails to appreciate how he puts Jim in harm’s way.
    • Huck plays the roles of Jim’s liberator and his captor.
    • Jim protects Huck out of love and self-interest. He is using Huck.
    • Jim is simultaneously Huck’s inferior and his superior as his surrogate father.
    • They cannot be true friends within the societal constructs.

    Only on the island and the raft are societal rules and roles discarded. (This is symbolized by their discarding of their clothes.) They have true friendship in the natural state. They seem to have forgotten all of civilization’s teachings and even decide for themselves how the stars came to be. 

    22) Spark creative writing.

    Creative writing assignments in teaching Huckleberry Finn:

    “The Adventures of Jim Freeman”

    You have been hired by a publisher to write a short story as a sequel to The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. For the sequel, they want Jim to be the main character, and they want him to be the narrator. The publisher wants you to imitate Twain thematically and stylistically. 

    An Original Satire

    Demonstrate your mastery of satire by writing one in the form of a short story. Think about a person, place, thing, or idea that you feel deserves some mockery. What kind of treatment fits your target and purpose? Start by writing an outline of your satire (point of view, setting, characters, plot, target, treatment and purpose).

    Propose an Alternate Ending

    We learned that many critics dislike the final chapters. They feel that Huck forgets all that he has learned and that the plot veers into incredible coincidence and childish Tom-foolery. They want Jim’s emancipation to be triumphant, but since Jim is already free, the voyage has been for nothing. Write a better ending where the adventure has a powerful, satisfying conclusion.

    23) Trace the hypocrisies of racism in Huck Finn.

    To the society in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, slaves are both people and objects. Have the students identify examples where they are considered human and examples where they are objectified.

    Examples of dehumanization in Huck Finn:

    • Mrs. Phelps is relieved that no on is harmed in a river boat accident even though a slave was killed. She later treats Jim as an honored guest after he helps save Tom.
    • The king scolds the duke for allowing the Wilks’ slaves to take the blame for a theft, but not for selling the slaves down the river or forcibly separating families and communities.
    • Several times the act of capturing freedom seekers is seen as a boon carrying no more moral weight than “picking up money in the street.”
    • When the doctor aiding Tom recognizes Jim’s heroic nature, he concludes that Jim must be worth a thousand dollars.

    Students should analyze textual evidence in order to identify Twain’s theme and how he develops it through these hypocrisies.

    24) Make fun of Romanticism.

    “It don’t make no difference how foolish it is. It’s the right way.”

    Into: Mark Twain was one of the first writers of American realism, a response to romanticism. In the novel, Tom’s views represent romanticism whereas Huck’s views represent realism. You can tell from Huck Finn that Twain thought romanticism was pretty silly. Examples of romanticism:

    • Walter Scott, Ivanhoe
    • Mary Shelley, Frankenstein
    • Lord Byron, The Corsair
    • Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice
    • Washington Irving, “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”
    • James Fenimore Cooper, The Last of the Mohicans
    • Herman Melville, Moby-Dick

    Through: What are romantic ideas and examples that Tom would appreciate? Create a chart as a class (emotion, glory, individualism, excitement, irrationality, imagination, coincidence, fate, the supernatural, melodrama, etc.; traditional elements like pirates, damsels in distress, hidden identities, dungeons, sword fights, noble heroes, the disfigured villain, etc.)

    Students write an short story outline in the tradition of romanticism – a story that Tom Sawyer would appreciate. Include elements from the class chart. Students should summarize their narrative elements.

    Reflect: What would some readers find appealing about romantic literature? What would some readers find appealing in realism?

    25) Recognize Tom Sawyer as a major minor character.

    Twain includes Tom Sawyer in the novel to capitalize on earlier commercial success, but there is more to it.

    In teaching Huckleberry Finn, help students reach the conclusion that Tom Sawyer serves as a foil, a character used to highlight the characteristics of another character. Students should analyze how Twain uses Tom to highlight Huck’s more admirable traits. Why is it important to Twain that the reader mark their differences?

    Twain makes Tom look pretty terrible in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Tom never questions his cruel treatment of Jim (or anyone else for that matter). His obsessions with romantic notions and propriety (including the propriety of slavery) leave no room for the kind of profound introspection demonstrated by Huck.

    26) Get real with American realism. 

    Help students recognize why Twain’s style represented a important literary departure.

    27) Think about Twain’s use of dialects.

    Dialect lesson:

    Into: A dialect is “a particular form of a language that is peculiar to a specific region or social group.” This includes vocabulary, syntax, usage, and pronunciation. Ask students to identify some examples of dialect. Include specific instances like “G’day mate,” calling cookies biscuits, or dropping the final r sound.

    Through: Twain decided that the speech AND the narration would be in dialect. (English teachers in 1884 did not appreciate this.) Twain prided himself on recognizing the linguistic differences found in the Mississippi River basin.

    Note: If time allows, share a reading of “Everyone Has an Accent” (5 pages) from Teaching Tolerance.

    Have students write a brief story that is completely in a dialect that they know well (perhaps one that they use). Obviously, spelling and grammar do not count. This can be accomplished individually, in groups, or as a class.

    Reflect: Why would Twain make dialect a key feature of his novel? What is the impact of this choice? 

    28) Integrate performance in teaching Huckleberry Finn.

    Adapting a scene for the stage or screen:

    In a cooperative group, adapt one event from The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn for the stage or screen. Work together to write a simple script and keep a record of the discussions, disagreements, and decisions. You may add to or change elements of the novel if it makes sense for the new medium, but stay true to the tone and themes. Before performing give a summary of your group’s creative choices.

    29) Stay focused on your key standards and goals in teaching Huckleberry Finn.

    Reading Lit. 1, Key Ideas and Details: textual evidence

    Whether students are using textual evidence to analyze Huck’s internal conflict on aiding Jim or dissecting Twain’s use of recurring elements (superstition, clothing, nature, chance, performance, nobility, etc.), students must make thoughtful inferences to decipher Twain’s subtler methods. 

    Reading Lit. 2, Key Ideas and Details: theme

    At times Twain’s thematic development seems haphazard, but this is by design.  The themes wind, weave, merge, and flow toward his destination. The themes on hypocrisy, racism, fate, chance, human frailty, society, personal worth, morality, and friendship ultimately find their way to the delta.

    Reading Lit. 3, Key Ideas and Details: interacting elements

    The interacting elements of the novel connect the seemingly independent episodes.  Students must explain how the conflicts, plots, symbols, motifs, characterization, word choice, and point of view unify the text.

    Reading Lit. 4, Craft and Structure: word choice

    Students use textual evidence to analyze Twain’s use of dialects, ironic tone, and Huck’s poetic musings on the natural world.  

    Reading Lit. 5, Craft and Structure: structure

    Teaching Huckleberry Finn presents secondary students with the opportunity to develop a more nuanced view of narrative structure.  The novel does demonstrate a traditional plot structure, but it has been embellished with episodes, sub-plots, and parallel plots.  

    Reading Lit. 6, Craft and Structure: point of view

    Many experts consider Twain’s selection of Huck as the novel’s narrator the master stroke of his career.  We love Huck but loathe his racism.  Huck, like America itself, must learn to oppose racism in defiance of foundational biases. 

    Related post: Huckleberry Finn Unit Plan for High School

    Related post: Huckleberry Finn Discussion Question

    Related post: 11 Pre-reading Activities for Huckleberry Finn

    30) Remind yourself that teaching Huckleberry Finn will always be a challenge.

    There are many ways that teaching Huckleberry Finn can go awry.  Students might have difficulty separating Twain’s views from those of his characters.  Students may become frustrated with the language.  Of greatest concern is that students might be emotionally harmed by the language or portrayals.  Approach the text with a reflective and collaborative attitude.

    If you find any of this information helpful, please consider using my complete The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn unit and teacher guide.